Macular Degeneration

(Age-related) Macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye condition that affects the macula, the very sensitive part of the retina that you use for your "central vision" - the area used to see fine detail such as text, TV and faces.


How common is it?


Age-related macular degeneration is the major cause of adult vision impairment and blindness for people over the age of 50. Men and women are equally affected.


The incidence of Early AMD is about:


14% aged 55 to 64 years,

18% aged 65 to 74 years,

30% aged over 75 years.


AMD accounts for almost 50 per cent of legal blindness and up to 70 per cent of seriously impaired vision in people over the age of 70 years.

Different types of Macular degeneraton

Classically, there are two types of macular degeneration, Dry AMD and Wet AMD.


Dry AMD:

Accounts for about 9 out of 10 cases of AMD. It is a slow, gradual loss of central vision due to the damage of the cells in the macula.


Wet AMD:

Is caused by leakage of the blood vessels in the macular area. It can develop very suddenly and can cause RAPID loss of central vision.

Have you developed SUDDEN symptoms?

Wet AMD can be managed and treated if caught early!


Brighton & Hove Primary Care Trust has a fast track pathway for patients suspected of having "wet" AMD.


If you feel that your symptoms have started suddenly, it is strongly advised to have things checked urgently.

OCT Macular Scans

The Zeiss Cirrus HD OCT allows us to capture a three dimensional view of the macular down to about 5 microns - smaller than a red blood cell (7-8 microns), and we can use these images to detect disease and monitor any changes in the macula over time.

More information

NHS Choices - Macular Degeneration
Macular Society

Tel: 01273 772 318

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